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Full text of "Catalogue général des antiquités égyptiennes du Musée du Caire N° 4001-4740 and 4977-5033 Canopics (1967)"

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I 



SERVICE DES ANTIQUITES DE L’EGYPTE 



r r 



CATALOGUE GENERAL 



DES 



ANTIQUITES EGYPTIENNES 

DU MUSEE DU CAIRE 



N 01 4001-4740 AND 4977-5033 



CANOPICS 

v BY 

GEORGE ANDREW REISNER 

REVISED, ANNOTATED AND COMPLETED 

BY 

MOHAMMAD HASSAN ABD-UL-RAHM AN 



LE CAIRE 

IMPRIMERIE DE L’INSTITUT FRANCAIS 

D’ARCH^OLOGIE ORIENTALE t 




1967 

Tous droits de reproduction reserves 



CATALOGUE GENERAL 

DES 

ANTIQUITES EGYPTIENNES 

DU MUSEE DU CAIRE 



CANOPICS 



SERVICE DES ANTIQUITES DE L’tiGYPTE 



CATALOGUE GENERAL 

DES 

ANTIQUITES EGYPTIENNES 

DU MUSEE DU CAIRE 



N os 4001-4740 AND 4977-5033 




CANOPICS 

81 t 

GEORGE ANDREW REISNER 



REVISED, ANNOTATED AND COMPLETED 

W 4- 

MOHAMMAD HASSAN ABD-UL-RAHMAN 




LE CAIRE 

IMPRIMERIE DE L’lNSTITUT FRANCAIS 
D’ARCHtfOLOGIE orientale 



1967 



Tous droits de reproduction reserves 




t 






UN1VERSITATS 

BlfiLIOlHBK 

Heidelberg 



c’ VHl 



60 



PREFACE 



This volume of the « Catalogue General des Antiquites Egyptiennes du 
Musee du Cairew is based on the manuscript of George Andrew Reisner 
(November 1867 — June 1962) which was written at the close of the last 
Century including the Canopies that were kept in the Museum during that time 
(when it was still at Gizeh). They counted 797 Canopic jars, parts of jars 
and Canopic chests. They were given the Catalogue numbers 4001-4760 and 
4977 - 5 ° 33 . In the ^Journal d’Entree» only 219 pieces have been entered 
under 176 numbers (one piece entered twice). Of these 2 1 9 pieces, the follow- 
ing 58 numbers have not been identified : Nos. 2205-2208, 2209-2212, 2669- 
2662, 2653-2656, 3395-3398 (1) , 34o2, 3444 , 5447-545o, 6 o 64 , 12653, 
12654, 12656, 16801, 17665-17668, 17669, 18196-18199, 18200- 
18203, 18206-18207, 20201, 2 1 327-2 1 33 o, 2i33i-2i334, 26076 and 
26654. The cover of J. d’E. No. 3 1 g66=Cat. No. 6077 (with the name of the Prince 
of Kush, Mery-Mes) had disappeared (cf. Maspero, «Momies Royales de Deir-El- 
Bahri v p. 583 ). Also J. d’E. Nos. 6370-6373 = Cat. Nos. 6096-6097 (with 
the name of Nai, New Empire), which, according to J. d’E., were found with 
limestone covers, have been fitted out with alabaster heads of the Middle 
Empire (possibly J. d’E. Nos. 3 3 96-8). 

Maspero (fiches) mentions 1 5 1 Canopic jars under 76 numbers. Of these 
the following numbers have not been identified : 6997, 5 ooo, 5 o 3 o(=J. d’E. 
No. 606 4 ), 5 o 4 o (= J. d’E. No. 20201) and 5 o 5 o (1 3 jars). 

The Canopic jars mentioned in Mariette’s Cat. 1892 and Cat. 1895 have 
all been identified. 

Mariette « Catalogue d’Abydos» mentions 29 vases under 10 numbers. Of 
these, the following have not been identified: Nos. 1 6 5 4 , 1660 (Series of 
four jars) and 1661 (Series of four jars). 

I took care of revising the manuscript, adding some notes and completing 
the unmentioned necessary details to make it rea<jy for publication. The 
most representable pieces which I have chosen in order to give a clear picture of the 



W Perhaps they are the four covers of Cat. Nos. 4094-4097. 



VI 



CATALOGUE DU MUStfE DU CAIRE 



development of the forms of the Canopic jars in the different periods, 
were photographed by Mohammad El-Mansoury, Abd-ul-Hadi Abu-Talib and 
Abul-Ela Shaarawy photographers of the Museum. Fahmv Abd-ul-Wahab 
and Ismail Sadek traced the figures in the text. Sayed Ahmad Hassan Ahmad 
inked the texts of Cat. No. 47A0 shown on pp. 378-881. 

Mr. Basile Stavro Psiroukis the director of the printing office of the French 
Institute of Oriental Archaeology aided much in arranging the plates. I wish 
to extend to him and to his staff my thanks for printing this volume so well. 

Mohammad Hassan Abd-Cl-Rahman 
Director General, Egyptian Antiquities 



CATALOGUE GENERAL 

DES 

ANTIQUITES EGYPTIENNES 

Dl) MUSEE DU CA1BE 



CANOPICS 



4001. Cover of a canopic jar with human head (1) . — Alabaster. — H. 
0,187 m.: Diam. 0,1 63 m. — Lischt^, Southern Pyramid, May 3o, 
a 883. — (PI. LXVIII). 




Cover. — Long wig marked with parallel lines. Parting, from 
the middle of the forehead back. Ears exposed. Real hair 
shows in front of each ear. The eyebrows and the cosmetic 

stripes, indicated by raised stripes. Chin beard (of a god, 
according to No. 4002 ) and narrow side beard \ A . Head 
sits on a projecting disk [a), ^ ** 

Colouring. — No trace (cf. No. 4oo2). 



Ornamentation. — None. 
Inscription. — None. 



Technique. — Finely cut and highly polished. Beard joined to throat. 
Preservation. — End of beard, projecting edge in front and on the right 
side, broken off. 



O) Nos. Aooi, Aooa, Aoo3 and A 00 A belong to the same series. 
W Found with Nos. 5oo6-5oi8. 



1 



2 



CATALOGUE DU MUSEE DU CAIRE 



Middle Empire, XII Dyn. 

Bibl. : Cat., 1895, p. i 5 ; Cat., 1892 (Grebaut) No. 1057, p. Ai ; Journal 2 54 oo; Cat. 
Masp. 1057, p. aa 3 . Bulletin de Vlnslitut Egypiien, 2* serie, t. VI, p. 3-9 i, i 885 . Maspero, 
Etudes de mythobgie et d’ archeologie tgyptiennes , I, p. 1A8, 1893. 



4002. Cover of canopic jar with human head (lj . — Alabaster. — H. o , 1 43 m. ; 
Diam. 0 , 1 65 m. — Lischt, Southern Pyramid, May 3o, i 88 3 . — 
(PI. LXVIII). 



Cover. — Like No. 4oo i . Eyelash indicated by raised line. 
Colouring. — Traces of brown colouring on the beard (?). 
Ornamentation. — Like No. 4ooi. 

Inscription. — Like No. 4ooi. 

Technique. — Like No. 4ooi. 

Preservation. — Composed of 
almost entirely broken off. 
nose, damaged. 



7 pieces glued together. Projecting edge 
Wig on right side, chipped off. End of 



Middle Empire, XII Dyn. 



4003. Cover of canopic jar with human head (I) . — Alabaster. — H. o , i 45 m. ; 
Diam. 0,16 m. — Lischt, Southern Pyramid, May 3o, j 883. — 
(PL LXVIII). 

Cover. — Like No. 4ooi. 

Preservation. — End of nose, upper part of chin beard, edge of wig under 
the left ear and most of the projecting edge, broken off. End of beard 
remains. Upper part of wig, on left side, damaged. 

Middle Empire, XII Dyn. 



4004. Cover of canopic jar with human head (1) . — Alabaster. — ■ II. o, i 48 m.; 
Diam. o,t65 m. — Lischt, Southern Pyramid, May 3o, 1 8 8 3 . 

Cover. — Like No. 4 ooi. 

Preservation. — Back, left side of face and wig, surface destroyed. Nose, 
mouth and front of beard also damaged. Projecting edge in front and 
behind, broken off. 

Middle Empire, XII Dyn. 



(1) See No. Aoo t . 



CANOPICS 



3 



4005. Part of canopic jar with inscription (l) . — Princess and Queen 55. — 
Alabaster. — H. 0,127 m -’ o,iA3 m. — Dahchour, 

Northern Pyramid. «Galerie des Princesses r >. 

Vase. — Like No. 4oo6 in form. 

Colouring. — Hieroglyphics coloured green. 

Ornamentation. — Wanting. 

Inscription. — Four vertical lines of incised hieroglyphs, coloured 
green . Separated by vertical lines . Line on each side but not at top or bottom. 





Technique. — Smoothly polished. Marks of boring. See No. 4 00 6. 
Preservation. — Consists of two pieces glued together. Upper front part 
of jar. 

Middle Empire, XII Dyn. 

Bibl. : De Morgan, Dahchour , p. 56-57 an d 19 ^* 



4006. 



Canopic jar of princess and queen — 

Diarri . base o , 1 3 m . — Dahchour , Northern 
Pyramid. «Galerie des Princesses ». 

Form. — Thick, high shouldered jar, tapering 
toward the base. Wide mouth. 

Colouring. — Hieroglyphics coloured bluish-green. 
Ornamentation . — Wanting. 



Alabaster. — H. o,3i m.; 





(1) Nos. Aoo5 and 4oo6 belong to the same seriep. 
(,) See No. Aoo5. 




CATALOGUE DU MUSfiE DU CAIRE 

Inscription. — Four vertical lines of incised hieroglyphs, coloured bluish-green 
and separated by vertical lines. 




Technique— Smoothly finished but not highly polished. Marks of boring 
inside. Signs well cut. 

Preservation.— Upper third, except for the piece containing part of inscription, 
is wanting. 11 

Middle Empire, XII Dyn. 

4007. Canopic jar with human head, belonging to the 
princess — Alabaster. — H. jar 

0,260 m.- 0,27 m. ; Diam. mouth 0,112 m. — 

H. cover 0,11 A m.; Diam. cover o,iA 3 m. — 

Tot. H. 0,37 m.; Diam. base 0,127 m. — 

Dahchour, Southern Pyramid. Tomb 2. 189A. 

-(pi. i). 

Form of vase. — Thick, high shouldered jar, tapering towards the base. 

Mouth slightly smaller than base. Base, not perfectly flat. 

Cover. — Long, smooth wig, covering throat also. Corner of 
natural hair shows in front of each ear. Ears exposed. Cosmetic 

stripe and line across the forehead. No beard. Head flat. 
Disk fitting into the mouth of the jar not sharply cut. 
Colouring. — Forehead band, natural hair, eyebrows, eyelashes, cosmetic stripe, 
pupil and edge of iris, black. Iris, reddish brown. Corners of the eye, red. 
Ornamentation. — Wanting. 

( l ) Nos. Z1007, A008, A009 and Aoio belong to the same series. 






CANOPICS 



5 



Inscription. — Four vertical lines of incised hieroglyphics, coloured bluish 
green. 



n 

j 




4- 


4=1 


t 1 


y 


- 1 


t 


H 


. 1 


T. 


w 


PH 






Technique. — Smoothly polished. Head well cut. Inside, marks of boring. 
Contents. — About 5 cm. of dark coloured powder. 

Preservation. — Somewhat stained. Colouring of hair, forehead band, 
eyebrow and cosmetic stripe, rubbed off except on the edges. 

Middle Empire, XIII Dyn. 

Bibl. : Cat. 1896, No. i346, p. i5 (of Supplement II). De Morgan, Dahchour, 
p. 1 15, pi. XXXVI. 

4008 . Canopic jar with human head (J) . — Name of princess j. — 

Alabaster. — H. jar o ,276 m.- 0,28 m. ; Diam. mouth o,i' 3 m. — - 
H. cover o,io 5 m.; Diam. cover 0,168 m. — Tot. H. 0,367 m.; 
Diam. shoulder 0,22 m. — Dahchour, Southern Pyramid. Tomb 2. 

1 s 9 4. — (pi. i> 

Vase. — Like No. 6007. 

Cover. — Like No. 6007. Disk fitting into mouth of jar has been recut. 

m Present disk («). Old disk ( b ). On account of recutting, wig 
is shorter. 

Colouring. — Like No. 6007. 

Ornamentation . — None . 

Inscription.— Four vertical lines, incised, coloured bluish green. 



i7 








¥ 


1 

i; 


y 

Q ■ 


♦ 


f 


n 




it. 


a w 


X A 





Technique. — Like No. 6007. Traces of high polish on face. 
{,) See No. 4007. 



a 



6 



CATALOGUE DU MUSEE DU CAIRE 

Contents. — Mummified human organ or entrails, in several pieces. 
Preservation. — Like No. ^007. 

Middle Empire, XIII Dyn. 



4009 . Canopic jar with human head (l) . — Name of princess mam* "j. — 
Alabaster. — H. jar 0, 264m. -0,267 m -’ Diam. mouth 0,1 2 3 m. — 
H. cover 0,128m.; Diam. cover 0,1 38 m. — Tot. H. 0,378m.; 
Diam. shoulder 0,218 m.; Diam. base 0,1 3 m. — Dahchour, 
Southern Pyramid. Tomb 2. 1 896. — (PI. I). 

Vase. — Like No. £007, but somewhat thicker. 

Cover. — Like No. £007, but not flat on top. Disk better defined. 

Inscription. — Four vertical lines, incised, coloured bluish green. 




Technique. — Like No. 4007. 

Contents . — Empty . 

Preservation. — Glued together out of 5 large pieces. Not so badly stained 
as the others. 



Middle Empire, XIII Dyn. 



4010 . Canopic jar with human head (1 *. — Name of princess 
Alabaster. — H. jar 0,262 111.-0,267 in.; Diam. 
mouth 0,122 111. — H. eover 0,127 Diam. 
cover 0,147 m. — Tot. H. o ,365 m. ; Diam. 
shoulder 0,227 m *’ Diam. base o,i 25 rn. — 
Dahchour, Southern Pyramid. Tomb 2. 1894. — 

(pi. i). 










Vase. — Like No. 4 oog. 
Cover. — Like No. 4007. 
Colouring. — Like No. 4007. 



(1 ) See No. 4007. 



CANOPIGS 



7 



Inscription. — Four vertical lines, incised, coloured bluish green. 



a 


V i 


If 

H 


1 




nil 




• A 


A 






• 1 


t 

T. 


A w 


111 


i| 



Technique. — Like No. £007. 

Contents . — Empty . 

Preservation. — Like No. £007. Colouring of inscription, except in the upper 
part, well preserved. 

Middle Empire, XIII Dyn. 

4011. Canopic jar with human head (l) . — No name. — Alabaster. — H. jar 
, o .295 m.- 0, 307 m.; Diam. mouth 0,122 m. — H. cover ,0,1 29 m.; 
Diam. cover 0,1 4 im. — Tot. II. o,4om.;Diam. shoulder 0,21 5 m.; 
Diam. base 0,126 m. — Dahchour. — (PI. II). 

V AS e. — H igh shouldered jar, tapering towards the base. Higher and more 
slender than No. 4007. The mouth is almost the same size as the base. 
One side is higher than the other. 

Cover. — Long wig, marked with parallel lines. Parting, from middle of top 
of head back. Ears exposed. Ribbed chin beard ^ ^ . Disk fitting 
into the mouth of jar, very deep . 

Colouring. — Eyebrows, eyelashes, and cosmetic stripe, black. Iris, redish 
brown. Corners of the eyes, red. 

Ornamentation . — None . 

Inscription. — None. 

Technique. — Smoothly polished. Wig joined to beard. Marks of boring. 

Contents. — None. 

Preservation— Chip glued on side of jar. Cover slightly damaged (nose, 
mouth, chin). Colouring, rubbed off in places. 

Middle Empire, XII Dyn. 

Bibl. : Cat. 1895 , No. i346, (Supplement II, p. i5). 

0 ) In spite of differences in form, Nos. 4 on, 4 oi 2 , 4 oi 3 and 4o 1 4 probably belong to the same series. 

Lead pencil mark on shoulder of jar «P. 1 a ». 



8 



CATALOGUE DU MUStfE DU CAIRE 



4012 . 



Canopic jar with human head (]) . — No name. — ; Alabaster. — H. jar 
o, 3 om.; Diam. mouth 0,187 m. — H. cover 0,1 A 
m. ; Diam. cover 0,1 h in. — Tot. H. o, 4 o 5 m. ; Diam. 
base o,i 4 om. — Dahchour. — (PI. II). 

Va^e. — Has more bulge than No. Aoii. Mouth nearly as 
wide as base. 

Cover. — Long, wig, marked with parallel lines. In general, 

like No. 4 o 1 1 ; but cheek bones higher and chin more prominent. The 




beard is not ribbed 



n- 



Colouring. — Like No. Aon. Pupil and rim of iris also black. The inner 
part of eyebrow and cosmetic stripe, originally coloured blue. 
Ornamentation . — None . 

Inscription. — None. 



Technique. — Similar to No. Aon. 

Contents. — None. 

Preservation. — Colouring rubbed off in places. 



Middle Empire, XII Dyn, 

4013. Canopic jar with human head (2) , — No name. — Alabaster. — H. jar 
o, 3 1 5 m. ; Diam. mouth 0,1 3 m. — H. cover 0,1 48 m.; Diam. cover 
0,1 38 m. — Tot. H. o,A 1 8 m.; Diam. base 0,1 2 5 m. — Dahchour, 
North Pyramid. — (PI. II). 

Vase.— Similar to No. 4oi2 but with a narrower base. Mouth wider than 
base. One side higher than the other. 

Cover. — Similar to No. 4 o 1 1 but parallel lines of wig are farther apart. Beard 
smooth and protruding beyond the vase. Face misshapen, nose flat, ear 
large. 

Colouring.— Similar to No. Aon. Pupil also black. Eyebrows and cosmetic 
stripe filled in with blue (cf. No. A012). 

Ornamentation . — None . 

Inscription. — None. 



Technique. — Rough, unfinished work on head. Beard joined to throat. Marks 
of boring, inside. 

Contents. — None. 

Preservation. — Slightly damaged on top and on right side of head. ^ 
Middle Empire, XII Dyn. 

(1) See No. Aon. Lead pencil mark on shoulder of jar «P. ia». ^ 

{,) Contains paper marked in pencil « Pyr. nord». See No. Aon. 



GANOPIGS 



9 



4014. Canopic jar with human head (l) . — No name. — Alabaster. — H. jar 
o, 3 1 m.-o, 3 i 5 m.; Diam. mouth o % i 38 m. — H. 
cover o, 123 m.; Diam. cover o,i 36 m. — Tot. H. 
o, 4 i 8 m.; Diam. shoulder 0,218 m.; Diam. base 
0,128 m. — Dahchour, North Pyramid. — (PI. II). 

Vase. — Like No. 4 o 1 1 . 

Cover. — Lon£ wig marked with parallel lines. Ears exposed. No parting. 

No beard. Disk fitting into mouth of jar, is shallow l ^|g^ . 

Colouring. 

Ornamenta 
Inscription. — None. 

Technique. — Similar to No. 4 oii. 

Contents . — None . 

Preservation. — Vase slightly damaged in two or three places (chipped). 
Middle Empire, XII Dyn. 



:e No. 4 oi 1. Rim of iris, black also. 



-J^te No. 4 
TK^IlNone 4 ! 




4015. Canopic jar with human head (2) . — No name. — Ala- 
baster. - — H. jar o, 3 1 m. ; Diam. mouth 0,137 m. — 

H. cover o,io 3 m.; Diam. cover 0,14,7m. — Tot. 

H. o ,4 0 m.; Diam. base 0,1 34 m. — Dahchour, North 
Pyramid. — (PI. III). 

Vase. — High shouldered jar, straight sides tapering from shoulder to base. 

Mouth and base, of about the same diameter. Rim of 
mouth (a) hollowed out to receive the disk on under side 
of cover ( b ). 

Cover. — Long, ribbed wig with parting like No. 4 oii. Ears exposed. 
Short chin beard projecting slightly beyond the wig, not ribbed. 
* End of chin, indicated by an incised line (a). Eyebrows, eye- 
lashes, and cosmetic stripe, raised stripes ( b ). Top of head 
rather flat, b 

Colouring. — Eyebrows, eyelashes, cosmetic stripes, pupil (?), black. Iris, 
redish brown. Corners of eyes, red. 

Ornamentation . — None . 

Inscription. — None. 






Paper inside, written with lead pencil «Pyr. nord». Lead pencil mark on shoulder of jar «P. i2». 
See No. Aon. 

(*) Nos. Aoi 5 , A016, A017 and A018 belong to the same series. Paper with pencil mark «Pyr. 
nord».